Marriage (in Islamic law it is said Nikah) is part of faith and it is part of the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Marriage in Islam being an obligatory act is so important that when a man marries, he has fulfilled half of his religion. Wedding is the legal and acceptable relationship between a man and woman. In Quran Ul Karim we have so many verses related to the importance of Marriage in Islam and in the sight of Almighty Allah. In one place Allah says in Quran: “O Humans revere your Guardian-Lord, Who created you from a single person created of like nature its mate, and from this scattered (like seeds) countless men and women. Reverence Allah through Whom you claim your mutual rights” (Quran 4:1).
Prophet Mohammad (SAW) stated that: “Men and women are twin halves of each other”. (Bukhari)
Importance of Marriage in Islam:
“And among His signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts: Verily in that are signs for those who reflect.” (Quran 30:21)
The Prophet () says, “No house has been built in Islam more beloved in the sight of Allah than through marriage.”
The Prophet () also said, “Whosoever likes to follow my tradition, then he should know that marriage is from my tradition.”
- It is the way to makes an incomplete human being a complete one, our Prophet Muhammad () says, “No house has been built in Islam more beloved in the sight of Allah than through marriage”
- It is necessary for making family (for children)
- As our beloved Prophet (SAW) married and also encouraged others, marriage is one of the most liked Sunnah in Islam
- Provides tranquility, peace, and security
- It is a bond of love not just only between two persons but also between two families
- Marriage is a source to experience love and happiness
Conditions For Marriage:
There are some special conditions for Nikah. Because it is not only an agreement between two peoples. It also has social and familial results. Marriage is also dependent on the rules and regulations of the society, tradition and culture. As it is a life time procedure it has some special conditions to fulfill. Every couples should have to fulfill them.
So Islamic marriage (Nikah) can be performed under the following some conditions:
- Legal capacity- Both sides must be free of obstacles to marry
- Presence- During the proposal and acceptance guardians of both sides must be present at the same time
- Prohibitions- The prohibitions of marriage must be observed. Including the prohibitions about blood and milk kinship.
- Satisfacations- Both the bride and groom should be pleased with one another, because the Prophet (SAW) said: “No previously-married woman (widow or divorced) may be married until she has been asked about her desires and no chaste should be married until her permission has been asked (until she has agreed either in words or by remaining silent).” They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, how is her permission given (because she will feel very shy)?” He said: “By her silence.” (Reported by Al-Bukhaari, 4741)
- No Other Demands- There must not be other conditions demanded by any of the the sides which may prevent the nikah .
- Suitability of Age- The bride and the groom must have reached the age of maturity.
- Virginity- In compliance with the verses An-Noor 24:3,5 ; Al-Maidah 5:5 and An-Nisa 4:24 both the bride and the groom must be chaste.
- Supervisor- A proper supervisor is also a main condition for marriage. Prophet (SM) says: “There is no marriage without a guardian (Wali) and two reliable witnesses. A marriage performed without these is void. If they couldn’t agree, the authorized officials are the supervisor.” (Abu Dawood, Nikah/Marriage, 20; Tirmidhi, Nikah/Marriage, 14; Ibn Majah, Nikah/Marriage, 15; Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, 6/66)